Nutrition Related Diseases

DIVERTICULOSIS & DIVERTICULITIS
Diverticular disease

Umbrella term for diverticulosis and diverticulitis.
Diverticulosis are small pouches or sacs that form in the wall of the colon (large intestine).

Diverticulosis causes
1. Constant high pressure inside the colon pushes against weak spots in the colon wall due to medical conditions

2. A diet with adequate fiber (also called roughage) produces stool that is bulky and can move easily through the colon. If a diet is low in fiber, the colon must exert more pressure than usual to move small, hard stool. A low-fiber diet also can increase the time stool remains in the bowel, adding to the high pressure.

3. Excessive alcohol intake

Diverticulosis forms
Diverticulosis means having diverticula. There are usually no symptoms, but occasionally there may be constipation or bleeding.

Dietary intervention

Increase fiber intake

HEAL 

No dietary intervention

Diverticulitis forms

If left untreated, these sacs/ pouches become inflamed, may rupture or burst.  This is the more severe form of diverticular disease and is called diverticulitis.

Symptoms

Pain or tenderness (in the left lower abdomen), diarrhoea/constipation, cramps, nausea (and sometimes vomiting), fever, chills.

Hospital admission

Dietary intervention: Bland diet for 3 weeks, probiotics, Vitamin supplementation.  After 3 weeks slowly reintroduce fiber to prevent reoccurrence.  In some patients, glutamine could be used under supervision.

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