Nutrition Related Diseases
DIVERTICULOSIS & DIVERTICULITIS
Umbrella term for diverticulosis and diverticulitis.
Diverticulosis are small pouches or sacs that form in the wall of the colon (large intestine).
1. Constant high pressure inside the colon pushes against weak spots in the colon wall due to medical conditions
2. A diet with adequate fiber (also called roughage) produces stool that is bulky and can move easily through the colon. If a diet is low in fiber, the colon must exert more pressure than usual to move small, hard stool. A low-fiber diet also can increase the time stool remains in the bowel, adding to the high pressure.
3. Excessive alcohol intake
Diverticulosis means having diverticula. There are usually no symptoms, but occasionally there may be constipation or bleeding.
No dietary intervention
If left untreated, these sacs/ pouches become inflamed, may rupture or burst. This is the more severe form of diverticular disease and is called diverticulitis.
Pain or tenderness (in the left lower abdomen), diarrhoea/constipation, cramps, nausea (and sometimes vomiting), fever, chills.
Dietary intervention: Bland diet for 3 weeks, probiotics, Vitamin supplementation. After 3 weeks slowly reintroduce fiber to prevent reoccurrence. In some patients, glutamine could be used under supervision.